Home Sun Care What Is Spasticity? Signs, Causes, Prognosis, and Remedy

What Is Spasticity? Signs, Causes, Prognosis, and Remedy

What Is Spasticity? Signs, Causes, Prognosis, and Remedy


Spasticity doesn’t should be handled if it’s not inflicting bothersome signs.

Nonetheless, if signs intervene with every day actions or result in a lack of perform, docs have quite a lot of therapies they will advocate.

Oral Medicines

Some oral medicines which might be used to deal with spasticity signs embrace:


Docs can inject phenol, alcohol, anesthetic medicines, or neurotoxins — onabotulinumtoxina (Botox), abobotulinumtoxina (Dysport), rimabotulinumtoxina (Myobloc), or incobotulinumtoxina (Xeomin) — immediately into muscle groups and nerves to regulate spasticity. The outcomes often final three to 6 months.

Bodily, Occupational, and Speech Remedy

Bodily remedy (PT) and occupational remedy (OT) may be helpful for serving to individuals with spasticity handle their signs.

With PT, therapists educate sufferers how you can carry out particular stretching and strengthening workout routines that may enhance mobility and vary of movement.

A part of PT may embrace utilizing therapies referred to as useful electrical stimulation (FES) or transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) to assist cut back muscle stiffness. In a single examine, researchers discovered {that a} single FES or TENS session could reduce signs of spasticity for 4 hours.

OT usually includes workout routines that target enhancing coordination and energy, so people can higher carry out every day actions.

Some individuals with spasticity additionally profit from speech remedy.

Surgical procedure

Surgical choices for treating spasticity embrace:

  • Intrathecal Baclofen Remedy (ITB) With ITB remedy, a programmable pump is implanted underneath the pores and skin of the stomach, and a catheter related to it delivers baclofen on to the spinal wire. It’s typically used to deal with spasticity that’s extreme.
  • Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy (SDR) SDR includes chopping chosen nerve roots to scale back extreme spasticity within the legs. It’s mostly achieved in individuals with cerebral palsy.

Assistive Gadgets

Assistive gadgets, reminiscent of splints, braces, or casts, may help individuals with spasticity preserve steady muscle stretching and suppleness.

Typically, mobility gadgets and residential modifications are wanted to assist people with spasticity get round. Individuals with spasticity could profit from:

  • Canes, walkers, or wheelchairs
  • Seize bars
  • Bathe benches
  • Raised rest room seats
  • Ramps

Complementary Approaches

Some individuals with spasticity flip to various or complementary approaches to ease their signs. Whereas not all these therapies have been confirmed to work, they may be useful for sure people.

Lately, medical marijuana has obtained consideration for its potential means to assist spasticity. In keeping with the Nationwide MS Society, oral hashish extract and artificial THC are “most likely efficient for decreasing patient-reported signs of spasticity and ache, however not MS-related tremor or spasticity measurable by assessments administered by the doctor.”

In a examine revealed in 2021, researchers seemed on the effectiveness of nabiximols (Sativex), a botanical oral spray created from extracts of the hashish plant, for treating spasticity in individuals who have MS. They discovered greater than 60 % of people that began add-on remedy with nabiximols reported a clinically important symptomatic impact and continued remedy after 12 weeks.

Different frequent various therapies for spasticity embrace:

Dwelling Treatments

Actions carried out at house which will assist ease signs of spasticity embrace:

  • Participating in common train
  • Stretching
  • Utilizing chilly packs
  • Consuming loads of water
  • Consuming a high-fiber food regimen



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