Home Skin Care What Is Atopic Dermatitis (AKA Eczema)?

What Is Atopic Dermatitis (AKA Eczema)?

What Is Atopic Dermatitis (AKA Eczema)?


Studying: 4 minutes

Your pores and skin has its personal language. It sends you indicators and tells you what’s happening with out saying a phrase. Redness, itching, eczema… atopic dermatitis can present itself in some ways. However what precisely is that this situation and the way can or not it’s managed?

Be part of us as we discover the world of atopic dermatitis with our professional Albert Navasa, ISDIN Medical Advertising Specialist.

What’s atopic dermatitis?

Albert Navasa helps us perceive the time period: “Merely put, atopic dermatitis, generally often called eczema, is a persistent inflammatory illness that causes dryness, itching, and irritation of the pores and skin.” Though it’s commonest in younger youngsters, it will possibly manifest at any age, with 1 in 10 folks experiencing it sooner or later of their lives.1

Whereas it’s the most typical pediatric pores and skin situation, the causes of atopic dermatitis contain quite a lot of elements. Genetic predisposition tops the listing, adopted by environmental, allergenic, and dietary triggers.

Atopic skin in adults and children

Recognizing the indicators

Atopic dermatitis is thought for its sudden onset, typically showing wherever on the physique as small, itchy scales or rashes. Everybody experiences it otherwise, and the signs can differ quite a bit from one particular person to a different. Frequent indicators embody:

  • Dry, chapped pores and skin
  • Persistent itching
  • Rashes, which can differ in colour relying on pores and skin tone
  • Formation of scabs
  • Elevated pores and skin sensitivity
  • Darkening of the pores and skin across the eyes

In people with darker pores and skin tones, it might additionally current itself as small raised bumps. It’s vital to do not forget that, whereas many individuals with atopic dermatitis could expertise comparable signs, these may also be attributable to one thing else: “To precisely diagnose atopic dermatitis, it’s finest to see a dermatologist,” Albert advises.

Information is energy

Dwelling with a pores and skin situation will be irritating, however the excellent news is that atopic dermatitis isn’t critical. In truth, it’s a benign situation that’s extra widespread than you would possibly suppose.

Ever heard of eczema? Albert explains the connection: “Eczema is the overall time period for pores and skin circumstances that trigger swelling and itching. Atopic dermatitis is the most typical type of eczema.”

This situation is primarily characterised by dry pores and skin. And whereas it may be uncomfortable, Albert factors out that atopic dermatitis shouldn’t be contagious.

“Atopic dermatitis shouldn’t be contagious.”

– Albert Navasa, Company Medical Advertising Specialist

Atopic dermatitis who it affects

Who does it have an effect on?

A typical perception is that solely youngsters have atopic dermatitis, however it will possibly really have an effect on folks of any age. Albert clears up this false impression: “The reality is, you’ll be able to develop this pores and skin situation at any stage in life.”

Roughly 25% of kids will expertise this situation sooner or later, whereas it impacts 7-10% of adults.2 In youngsters, atopic dermatitis usually flares up on the face, within the creases of elbows and knees, on the legs, and even the scalp. In adults, it will possibly seem wherever from head to toe!

One factor each youngsters and adults do share is the vary of signs: from delicate to extreme itching and the pores and skin lesions that always outcome from the inevitable scratching.

Time of onset

There’s no approach to predict when atopic dermatitis goes to seem, as it will possibly present up—or not—at any level in a single’s life. It may also be triggered or made worse by elements like stress, poor dietary selections, or the usage of skincare merchandise that aren’t fairly best for you.

So, what’s your finest protection? Taking proactive steps to nurture and defend your pores and skin.

How to care for eczema ISDIN

Methods to handle atopic pores and skin

Albert emphasizes that the primary rule in managing atopic dermatitis is to keep away from something that makes your pores and skin worse, similar to merchandise that trigger irritation or reactions. It’s additionally vital to have a sport plan for managing flare-ups and relieving itchiness. Right here’s the breakdown:

  • Maintain your nails quick: This easy tip will make it easier to resist the urge to scratch — or at the very least make the scratching much less intense!
  • Shorten your bathe time: Goal for lower than ten minutes and keep away from steaming scorching showers, as scorching water can strip away your pores and skin’s pure oils and doubtlessly trigger irritation. Select light pH-balanced merchandise with pure components, similar to oatmeal.
  • Be light when drying off: Pat your pores and skin rigorously with a towel as a substitute of rubbing.
  • Use moisturizing lotions or lotions: Conserving your pores and skin properly hydrated and replenished is essential. Keep in mind: Consistency is essential!
  • Wash new garments and keep away from harsh materials (this contains your wardrobe and bedding): Go for cotton, particularly for gadgets that are available direct contact together with your pores and skin.
  • Think about using particular therapies and merchandise for the situation — at all times beneath the steerage and advice of a dermatologist.

Skilled tip: Whereas our medical consultants have contributed to and verified the data on this put up, there are different official assets accessible on atopic dermatitis. Try the web sites beneath to be taught extra about this pores and skin situation:

Nationwide Eczema Affiliation
American Academy of Dermatology (AAD)
American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)

Love each inch of your pores and skin

Whereas there’s no remedy for eczema, plenty of youngsters see their signs enhance as they get older, whereas some adults expertise flare-ups that come and go. That is utterly regular as a result of our pores and skin, like life, has its ups and downs.

The key to wholesome pores and skin lies within the selections we make day by day. It’s typically the straightforward rituals we incorporate into our routines which have essentially the most profound affect, not solely on our general well-being, but in addition on the overall well being of our pores and skin.

→ Make annual appointments together with your dermatologist.

→ Do your finest to maintain stress at bay.

→ Eat a nutritious weight loss program.

→ Make getting sufficient sleep a precedence.

Love your skin ISDIN


  1. Frazier W, Bhardwaj N. Atopic Dermatitis: Prognosis and Therapy. Am Fam Doctor. 2020 Might 15;101(10):590-598.
  2. Avena-Woods C. Overview of atopic dermatitis. Am J Manag Care. 2017 Jun;23(8 Suppl):S115-S123.
  3. Langan SM, Irvine AD, Weidinger S. Atopic dermatitis. Lancet. 2020 Aug 1;396(10247):345-360. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31286-1. Erratum in: Lancet. 2020 Sep 12;396(10253):758.

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